Nigeria is mostly seen as a country for survivals, the hard headed and the fittest (mentally I mean…chuckles). The stigmatization of the country turns away yearning eyes and curious minds. As much as there several economic defaults in Nigeria, (which every country has) there are also amazing facts a lot of people aren’t aware of.
Here are 13 mouth dropping facts you didn’t know about Nigeria.
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the 8th most populous country in the world, with a population of over 160 million people
Ile-Ife, in present day Osun State, was paved as early as 1000AD, with decorations that originated from Ancient America suggesting there might have been contact between the Yoruba’s and the Ancient Americans half a millennium before Columbus ‘discovered’ America.
Nigeria has more than 250 ethnic groups; however there are three dominant tribe namely; the igbo, Yoruba and hausa-fulani.
The Yoruba tribe has the highest rate of twin births in the world. Igbo-Ora, a little town in Oyo state, has been nicknamed Twin capital of the World because of its unusually high rate of twins that is put as high as 158 twins per 1000 births.
The Anambra waxbill, a small bird of many beautiful colors, is found only in Southern Nigeria and nowhere else on earth.
Evidence from archaeological discoveries has shown that there was a history of human existence in Nigeria which has been dated as far back as 9000bc. The Nok civilization (around 500 BC-200AD) this is confirmed to be the earliest civilization here.
The Niger Delta (which is the second largest delta on the planet), has the highest concentration of monotypic fish families in the world, and is also home to sixty percent of Nigeria’s mangrove forests. You should know too that Nigeria’s mangrove forests are the largest in Africa and third largest on earth.
The Nigeria movie industry (Nollywood) has been rated the second largest producers of movies in the world, 200 movies produced every week and half the movies have won the yearly award for best pictures since 2005.
Ogun states has the highest number of universities in Nigeria, it has the total of nine registered universities
According to the World Resources Institute, Nigeria is home to 4,715 different types of plant species, and over 550 species of breeding birds and mammals, making it one of the most ecologically vibrant places of the planet.
Nigeria is the 12th largest producers of crude oil in the world, (averaging 2,525,000 barrels per day) and the 8th largest exporter. Nigeria has the 10th largest proven reserves of petroleum worldwide, it generates more than 85% of government revenue.
It is believed that the area surrounding calabar, cross river state it harbors the world largest diversity of butterflies. Where over 300 species live, including the gorgeous Papilio monachus, the unusual blue Iolaus iasis, and the newly-discovered Tetrahanis okwangwo.
Nigeria is home to seven percent (7%) of the total languages spoken on earth. Taraba state alone has more languages than 30 African countries. UNESCO puts forward that the world’s languages represents an extraordinary wealth of creativity.