Decades of unchecked Niger Delta oil spills could cost Royal Dutch Shell billions in compensation and clean-up costs, says Amnesty International, which also warns investors as the Anglo-Dutch oil giant publishes its profits figures for the first quarter of 2015.
The United Nations Environment Programme estimated that $1 billion is needed for the first five years of oil clean-up for Ogoniland, just one Nigerian region where Shell operates. It projected that cleaning up oil pollution in the area could be a 30-year operation.
“Investors must beware the hidden costs that await Shell from its Niger Delta operations. For decades the multi-national oil giant has failed to stop the oil spills, or clean up the devastating pollution that has destroyed lives and livelihoods,” said Mark Dummett, Business and Human Rights researcher at Amnesty International.
“Last year Shell made profits of $15 billion, so investors may see it as a safe bet. But court actions have already forced it to pay out millions in compensation, paving the way for future actions from other Nigerian communities which have borne the brunt of the company’s negligence.”
In January this year Shell, the biggest oil company operating in the Niger Delta, finally agreed to pay £55 million ($84 million) compensation to one community living in Bodo, Ogoniland after thousands of residents took Shell to court in the UK. The company had originally offered them a paltry £4,000 ($6100) for the devastation of the fishing and farming livelihoods caused by just two of the hundreds of Shell oil spills every year.
Shell has reported more than 1,000 Niger Delta oil spills since 2009, with 204 spills in 2014, and 203 in 2013. Nigeria is a major country of operation for Shell, providing 10% of its oil production in 2014.
“Shell will also have to play its part cleaning up the lasting damage from the hundreds of oil spills that continue to blight the Niger Delta every year. It should come clean with investors making clear what contingencies it is putting aside to put right the damage done over the last half a century,” said Mark Dummett.
Shell claims that the vast majority of spills in Nigeria are caused by oil theft and sabotage. While these are serious problems, Shell was forced to disclose during the court action taken by the Bodo community that it has known sections of its pipelines contained “major risk and hazard” since at least 2002. Moreover, Shell’s claim is based on a flawed oil spill investigation process.
“Shell continues to blame theft and sabotage for oil spills, but old pipelines and badly maintained infrastructure are a major cause of pollution,” said Mark Dummett.
Investors in Shell should ask the company to remedy the corporate abuses in the Niger Delta and demand more transparency about oil spills and future clean-up and compensation plans.