Owing to foreign currency shortages and a poor wheat yield‚ bread production in Zimbabwe has dropped by half – with most remote and rural areas not getting any supplies.
Although bread used to be a luxury product‚ particularly among the urban and rural poor‚ it has over time become a staple food. As such‚ 30 million dollars in foreign currency is required each month for procurement of wheat‚ of which seven million should be allocated towards bread.
“Bread is currently at 50 per cent supply and we are only able to supply mostly urban areas‚” said Grain Millers Association of Zimbabwe chairperson Tafadzwa Musarara.
To avert the situation from worsening‚ a shipment of 30 tonnes is expected to dock in Mozambique.
Musarara said the situation became dire after Zimbabwe failed to pay for earlier shipments.
“Subsequent shipments were not funded‚ leading to exhaustion of reserves‚ throwing us into the crisis that we encountered‚” he said.
Earlier this month the price of bread increased from one dollar to 1.10 dollar as prices of most basic commodities skyrocketed with the local bond note shedding more than 50 per cent value against the US dollar on the black market.
To avoid further increases‚ the Grain Millers Association appealed to the government for a 50 dollar per tonne wheat subsidy.
The cost of making one standard loaf of bread is currently at US$0.84‚ composed of 38 per cent for the flour‚ 16 per cent for the premix‚ 18 per cent for overheads‚ 10 per cent distribution‚ 7 per cent for bakery fuel and the remaining balance on other costs.