The U.S. on Monday declared any Nigerian found to have either encouraged violence through inciteful comments or interfered with the electoral process during the last general elections as persona non-grata, meaning that they are barred from entering the United States and subjected to visa sanctions.
According to Greenbarge Reporters, the US Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, who disclosed this in an article captioned ‘When Nigeria decides, Nigeria wins,’ hailed Nigerians for participating peacefully and enthusiastically in the electoral process which culminated in the election of General Muhammadu Buhari of the opposition All Progressives Congress (APC). She also said in her statement that the U.S. will shut its doors on people involved in any form of violence during the polls.
“Anyone found to have incited violence or interfered with electoral processes will be unwelcome in the United States and subject to visa sanctions,” Ms. Thomas-Greenfield said.
Though the US government did not specifically name those it intends to punish for their actions before, during and after the elections, but, Orubebe, Wike, Tompolo, Asari-Dokubo, First Lady Patience Jonathan, Katsina State Governor, Ibrahim Shema and several other major political actors made national news headlines by their heated comments and actions.
The former minister, Orubebe who openly disrupted the process of collation of the presidential election results in Abuja on March 31, as the event was broadcast live by the international media.
Accusing the head of the Independent National Electoral Commission, Attahiru Jega, of bias, Mr. Orubebe for several minutes was asked by Mr. Jega to stand down before the process could continue.
The former minister received worldwide condemnation for his actions, and later apologised.
Mrs. Jonathan had said at the ruling Peoples Democratic Party Women Campaign in Calabar, Cross River State, early March, that anyone chanting change should be stoned.
“I’m telling you, anyone that comes and tell you change, stone that person,” she said. “What you did not do 19 kilikili, is now that age has caught up with you, you want to come and change? You can’t change rather you will turn back to a baby. From old age nothing, so nothing like change. Rather (it) is continuity.”
The sanctions may also target Mr. Shema of Katsina state, who was caught on tape prodding his supporters to attack and kill opposition members and their supporters. He described members of the opposition as “cockroaches”.
The deputy governor of Rivers State, Tele Ikuru, had also during a campaign rally in the state, called on the people to fight and redeem the state from the All Progressives Congress, APC, even if it means shedding their blood.
“It is necessary for the sake of your fathers, for the sake of your mothers, for the sake of your brothers and sisters and for the sake of your children. Every Rivers man must stand up to fight this evil among us,” Mr. Ikuru said. “If it demands your blood, so be it.”
Also, in January, the Kaduna State governor, Mukhtar Yero, was caught on tape threatening violence against the APC.
Mr. Yero vowed swift “revenge” if ever attacked by any one “born of woman”.
The U.S. may also target the former militant leaders in the Niger Delta who threatened war if President Goodluck Jonathan lost the elections.
The ex-militant leaders, among them, Mujahid Dokubo-Asari, leader, Niger Delta Peoples Volunteer Force; Victor Ben Ebikabowei, aka, Boy Loaf; and Government Ekpudomenowei, aka, Tompolo, made the threat in January.
Several other politicians may also be sanctioned after investigations into dozens of election-related violence are completed.
Ms. Thomas-Greenfield said, while the elections were generally without a significant scale of violence, and irregularities in some parts of Nigeria, some people were resolved to undermine the will of Nigerians and interfere with electoral processes, resorting to violence and voter intimidation.
She said the U.S. regretted any loss of life and property during the process, adding that violence and rigging was unacceptable in a democratic electoral process.
She commended the Independent National Electoral Commission and its chair, Attahiru Jega. She also encouraged Nigeria and other nations to continue to explore the use of relevant technologies in future elections.
“Despite some technical glitches, it is clear that technology and use of social media-INEC’s online posting of results for each polling unit, live tweeting of results, the use of biometric permanent voter cards and electronic card readers- improved efficiency and limited fraud.”
The US President, Barack Obama, had before Nigeria’s general elections said successful elections and democratic progress will help Nigeria meet the urgent challenges Nigerians face today.
Ms. Thomas-Greenfield said,
“Now more than ever, it is up to all Nigerians to stay united so that Nigeria can move forward with a clear set of priorities for the future”.
She also said the U.S. welcomed all commitments made by the outgoing and the incoming presidents towards a peaceful transition process.
“This next phase is critical as the world continues its hopeful watch for what happens in Nigeria. The conclusion of a peaceful electoral process in Nigeria will serve as an example to other nation preparing for elections. Nigerian democracy will be a beacon across the continent and beyond” she said
Ms. Thomas-Greenfield said the US looked forward to the inauguration of the president elect, Muhammadu Buhari, on May 29 and the beginning of a new chapter of the relationship between the two countries.
The Assistant Secretary of State, who was also one of the international observers that monitored the elections, noted the commitments made by President Goodluck Jonathan, who lost his re-election bid and Buhari to work together in order to ensure a peaceful and smooth transition to the new government. She warned Nigerians that the next phase will be critical.