Most times we find it difficult to play safe on having all the necessary vitamins in the body. The greatest way to avoid getting worried about the issues is to have the essential ingredients in your everyday cooking, I have complied a short list of these
Ginger and Garlic
Usually called ayo in Yoruba land, it literally helps in fighting against microbial infection, asthma, cough and respiratory problems. The juice of the bulb is given as eardrops against earaches. As a seasoning and flavouring agent, garlic is principally taken against fevers and chills. A cold infusion serves as a body wash for infants as protection against chills. The bulb also serves as effective remedy for hypertension, muscular pain, giddiness and sore eyes. It is digestive and carminative and removes pains of the bowels. When powdered with nation it is applied as a dressing on ulcers and skin diseases.
Popularly known in Yoruba – efinruin-wewe, the plant is an anticonvulsant, diaphoretic and carminative. It cures cough, catarrh, cold, fever, chest pains and diarrhoea. Others are earache, ringworm, nasal bleeding, anti-spasmolytic and relief of pains of the colon. Efinrin can be chopped up and eaten as a febrifuge. Powdered form of the leaves is taken internally for catarrh. A paste of the leaves is applied topically against ringworm and skin diseases. Seed infusion is prepared to treat gonorrhea, nephritic and urinary infections, diarrhoea and chronic dysentery. The warm extract of the leaves is used in instillations for otitis media, sinusitis and in fumigations for cough and headache. When boiled, it could be given to children as a strengthening tonic. The leaves of these species are usually very aromatic. They are thus used for seasoning and flavouring sauces, salads and soups. The scent of the plant is also used to protect against snakes.
Onion Bulb (Alubosa)
Alubosa as it’s fondly called in Yoruba, Onion bulb serves as a stimulant and expectorant. Generally antimicrobial, it is usually crushed and its juice used against skin infections and insect bites. The roasted onion or its compress is used as poultice for tumours, ulcers, earaches and piles. Juice of onion is mixed with honey in the treatment of asthma, cough, cold convulsion and hypotension. Fresh onion leaves is mostly used to eat roasted meat “suya” as a carminative and to reduce cholesterol level. Onion bulb is mostly used for flavouring and garnishing soup and foods.
Locust Beans (Iru)
The locust beans is a special ingredient usually used to cook vegetables and other pepper related meals. When dried and grounded, it could be used for to enhance the healing of ulcer. The decoction of the leaves and roots is used generally as tonic and often mixed with salt to cure constipation. The powder of the seeds is used to prepare special pepper soup given to lactating mothers. The fruit extract is also used to aid conception and as a vermifuge for round worms.