More than one thousand teenagers can be really tough and it’s perfectly normal to feel sad or irritable every now and then. But if these feelings don’t go away or become so intense that we feel overwhelmingly hopeless and helpless, we may be suffering from depression.
People with depression often see the world in a negative light. They can be overly critical of themselves, and feel worthless and unloved. They may feel overwhelmed by small problems the rest of us take in stride.
They feel like giving up. They pull away from people and drop out of activities, but this isolates them and makes them feel worse.
Teenage depression is much more than feeling temporarily sad or down in the dumps. It’s a serious and debilitating mood disorder that can change the way we think, feel, and function in our daily life, causing problems at home, school, and in our social life.
When we are depressed, we may feel hopeless and isolated and it can seem like no one understands. But depression is far more common in teens than we may think.
The increased academic pressures, social challenges, and hormonal changes of the teenage years mean that about one in five of us suffer with depression in our teens.
We are not alone and our depression is not a sign of weakness or a character. Teens depression is a serious mental health problem that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in activities.
It affects how our teenager thinks, feels and behaves, and it can cause emotional, functional and physical problems. Although depression can occur at any time in life, symptoms may be different between teens and adults.
Moreover, the medical community once thought depression affected only adults. The risk for the condition can begin in childhood or the early teens, however, and increases steadily through the mid-20s.
Around 11 percent of young people will have experienced an episode of depression by the end of his or her teenage years.Depression in children, teens, and young adults is much more than a phase.
It’s a real condition that can interfere with daily life, lead to suicidal thoughts and behavior, and go on to affect a person throughout life.
Furthermore, expression runs in families, but not everyone with a depressed family member becomes depressed. People with no family history of depression also can have depression.
Besides life events and family history, other factors that play a role in causing depression include social environment, medical conditions, and negative thought patterns .
For teens, a stressful home environment or neighborhood poverty and violence can lead to depression. Other possible triggers for teen depression include learning disabilities that make academic success difficult, hormonal changes affecting mood, and physical illness.
Drug and alcohol abuse also can affect mood and lead to depression, and many teens turn to these substances to medicate their emotions.
Even though it can feel like the black cloud of depression will never lift, there are plenty of things we can do to help out deal with symptoms. The first step toward preventing depression is to develop a treatment plan specific to the victim by the family.
Often, this might include family therapy, school involvement, and, if necessary, adjunctive medication. For parent living in homes with depressed victim can help in promoting resilience through communication by making them to feel among human, taking them to a counselor, hospitals for medication.
The victims need a therapist for counseling teen may need to go for counseling at least thrice a week. The type of therapy used could also vary depending on the core issues that have triggered the illness. Also, Medication are required if the teenager is severely depressed because of modified brain chemistry or hormonal imbalance.
The Government should build different health centers and put equipment in the hospitals, the government should employ more therapist in hospitals. The doctors should be routinely raising the issue of depression and then referring people on to specialist services programs should be designed by different hospitals in different part of the country to handle depression issues. Schools were also highlighted, Schools based counseling services should be introduce in schools at both secondary and university levels.
Mass Communication Department, Babcock University, Ilisan Remo, Ogun State